Backpacking Mexico (IN-DEPTH 2021 Travel Guide)

Tired of the stuffy resorts? Ready to do something different, like go backpacking in Mexico?

Backpacking Mexico is an incredible experience with endless options. In just one trip, you can wander around ancient Mayan cities, stroll through colorful colonial towns, explore one of the biggest cities in the world, and wind it all down on a pristine beach.

In 2016, 35 million people traveled to Mexico, making it the 8th most visited country in the world! Unfortunately, many of these tourists never see Mexico outside of their resort walls. That’s not you, though. You’re here for an adventure, and an adventure is exactly what you’ll get.

While most visitors stick to one of the country’s coasts, there’s so much more to Mexico than its beaches and all-inclusive resorts. Get out of that tourist bubble and dive into what makes this one of the most unique countries on the globe.

This backpacking Mexico travel guide will introduce you to all that this fascinating country has to offer and provide you with several options for the trip of a lifetime. Vamos, amigos!

Why Go Backpacking in Mexico?

Table of Contents

Because it’s well good mate. You’re really spoiled for choices when it comes to planning your Mexican backpacking adventure. When looking at a map, Mexico looks deceivingly small. Did you know that traveling from one corner of Mexico to the other is about the same distance as going from Ireland to Turkey? That’s right – going across Mexico is basically the same as traversing all of Europe!

With that in mind, time and geography will be your biggest concerns when backpacking Mexico. If you’re limited in time, it’s best to stick to one region and do it properly. You’ll have to decide what your priorities are when choosing where to go and where to stay in Mexico. Are you interested in cultural sights, adventures, beach time, or big cities? We’re here to help you make sense of it all with some ideas for how to route your trip.

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Best Travel Itineraries for Backpacking Mexico

Unless you’re planning on staying for a couple of years, you won’t be able to see all of Mexico in one trip. Here are a few different ideas for Mexico itineraries that cover several regions.

Backpacking Mexico 14 Day Itinerary #1: Riviera Maya

Mexico Itinerary #1

With just two weeks in Mexico, your best bet is to fly into Cancun. Spend a night there if necessary, but stay somewhere downtown so you don’t feel like you’re in a Disneyland version of Mexico to start your trip. Eat a bunch of tacos and grab a cerveza or two at a local joint where you’ll be introduced to mariachi music.

From Cancun, it’s just a few hours by bus to Chichen Itza. You can stay at a hotel just up the road from this ancient Mayan city to ensure you can get there early and beat the crowds. It’s worth it to splurge on a guide here so you can learn all about this awe-inspiring place that’s one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Valladolid Mexico
Scenic Valladolid

Next up, spend some time walking the cobblestone streets of Valladolid. This colorful colonial town is gorgeous and super laid back with access to plenty of cenotes (freshwater sinkholes and clear blue pools only found in Mexico). If you need some more excitement, you can easily reach the ruins at Ek Balam. Unlike Chichen Itza, you can still climb to the top of the main pyramid here. You can also visit your first cenote (sinkhole) to cool off in the intense afternoon heat.

After a few days in Valladolid, head back to the coast to the trendy town of Tulum. Hopefully, you’re not sick of ruins because the ones here are probably the most beautiful. You can spend the rest of your time bumming on the beach and bouncing around the excellent restaurants and bars.

Continuing back up the coast, you’ve got a few choices for where to stay. Playa del Carmen is a popular beach town and a great place to party. If you’re looking for something a bit quieter, you might want to check out Puerto Morelos. Enjoy a few relaxing days before you have to get back to Cancun to catch your flight.

Backpacking Mexico One Month Itinerary #2: The Yucatan and Chiapas

Backpacking Mexico Itinerary #2

With a whole month at your disposal, you can follow the 2-week backpacking Mexio route above, and then tack on a few more spots.

The city of Merida makes a great addition to your Mexico itinerary. It’s a popular destination for expats and digital nomads, so if you’re thinking about relocating to Mexico it’s a good spot to check out. There’s a beach just up the road and the city is rich in culture, so you can easily spend a few days here taking it all in.

Beaches of Mexico
Beach time is key.

Since you’ve got time on your hands and you’ve headed south anyway, you might as well stop by Palenque ruins to visit some more Mayan leftovers. These ruins are still surrounded by jungle, so you’ll still feel that sense of wonder that the Spanish must have felt when they arrived. Other activities in the area include an eco-park with rescued animals and a hike to a waterfall.

After that adventure, you might want to chill out a bit. The perfect place to do so is San Cristobal de las Casas. This beautiful colonial city in the state of Chiapas is surrounded by mountains and has plenty to see and do. From here, you can catch a bus to Antigua, Guatemala to end your trip in Mexico. Those going back to Cancun will want to head to nearby Tuxtla Gutierrez to get a cheap flight.

Backpacking Mexico 4 Week Itinerary #3: Central Mexico

backpacking Mexico Itinerary #3

We’re going to take a different approach to backpacking Mexico in this 2nd one-month itinerary. Rather than starting out in Cancun, this trip starts in the capital. Fly into Mexico City and dedicate at least a few days to this mega-city. Did you know that Mexico City has more museums than any other city? You can visit a couple each day and barely scratch the surface.

While there’s a lot to see and do in the city, you’ll want to get out on a day trip or two. The ancient city of Teotihuacan is a must. Also known as the Birthplace of the Gods, it was once one of the biggest cities in the world, extending its influence across the region and beyond.

Teotihuacan Ruins Mexico
Standing atop the Pyramid of the Moon.

After taking in all that CDMX has to offer, it’s time to chill out a bit. A short bus ride will take you to the colonial town of San Miguel de Allende. From here, you might as well check out Guanajuato as well. This city is known for its silver mining history and colonial architecture. It’s also famous for its mummies, which you can visit if you’re into that sort of thing.

Backpacking Mexico Guanajuato
Guanajuato from above.

Now it’s time to head back to the big city – Guadalajara. While GDL lives in the shadow of its older brother, it’s got a lot to offer travelers as well in terms of activities and places to stay.

Just an hour or so down the road from the city is Lake Chapala. There are plenty of villages around the lake where you can stay, including Ajijic. Spend a couple of days here chilling out and enjoying the natural beauty in one of Mexico’s top expat destinations.

After that action-packed trip, it’s time to head to the beach. Puerto Vallarta and the surrounding area is the perfect spot to end your month-long adventure backpacking Mexico. In addition to PV, you can easily visit the towns of Bucerias, Sayulita, and Yelapa.

Backpacking Mexico Three Month Itinerary #4: Mexico’s Highlights

Backpacking Mexico

Those who can pull of three months in Mexico can traverse the country if moving a bit quickly. Of course, with this much time, you always have the option of lingering a while in places you like.

A good strategy would be to start in one corner of the country and book your flight out of another. For example, you could start off in Cabo and end in Cancun. I could think of worse places to bookend an extended backpacking trip!

With three whole months, you can visit all the places mentioned in the itineraries above and add a few others. Definitely go ahead and add some time in Baja California and Oaxaca. Between the two you have tons of beaches, gorgeous colonial towns, and abundant nature. If you’re into surfing, you’ll love both of them as there are plenty of waves.

Having so much time in the country means you can check out some places that are a bit more off the beaten path. Cities like Monterrey (way up north) and Puebla (near Mexico City) get way less foreign visitors, so these are cool places to visit if you’re interested in seeing the less touristy side of Mexico.

There are so many quaint little towns, remote beaches, and natural wonders across Mexico that you’ll easily be able to fill three months. Slow down, take it all in, and enjoy – you’re on Mexico time now, after all.

Places To Visit in Mexico

Let’s take a look at some of the best places to visit on your Mexico backpacking trip.

Where to stay in Mexico City
Welcome to Mexico!

Backpacking Mexico City

Mexico City is home to over 20 million people, making it one of the largest cities in the world. Many travelers choose to skip it and head straight to the coast. Backpacking Mexico just wouldn’t be the same without backpacking Mexico city as well! Plus, with its great hostels, street food, and nightlife, why in the hell would you skip it!?

Start your trip in DF (short for Distrito Federal) in the Zocalo. Around this main square, you can see plenty of historical and cultural landmarks. Mexico City’s National Palace is home to some famous Diego Rivera murals and is free to visit. You can also check out the stunning Metropolitan Cathedral and then visit the ruins of the main Aztec temple – Templo Mayor.

Mexico City Mariachi Plaza
Mariachi in the plaza.

What Central Park is to New York, Chapultepec is to Mexico City. This massive green space is an excellent place to spend a leisurely day. There’s a zoo, botanical gardens, and even a castle. Be sure to head inside to explore the only royal castle in the Americas, but get there early; the lines are crazy by the afternoon.

No trip to Mexico City would be complete without a bit of mariachi and tequila. You can easily get a dose of both by visiting the Museum of Tequila & Mezcal and then getting dinner in Plaza Garibaldi. Here, roaming mariachi bands are available for hire. Order up some tacos al pastor and a cold one and enjoy this traditional Mexican music.

Backpacking the Riviera Maya

The Riviera Maya may be famous for its flashy resorts, but that doesn’t mean it’s not for backpackers! As a matter of fact, there are plenty of hostels in places like Cancun, Playa del Carmen, and Tulum. That means you can still enjoy the white sand beaches and turquoise waters even on a backpacker’s budget. If you’re backpacking with friends, you can even find cheap vacation rentals in Mexico‘s Riviera Maya.

Cancun is the biggest city in the area and is also the most touristy. While you may be tempted to skip it entirely, it’s worth it to spend a couple of nights here. After all, the beaches are world-famous for a reason. You can still find super cheap and tasty local food and catch public transport to ensure you don’t spend a fortune here.

Mexican Fish Tacos
Fish Tacos + Margaritas = Paradise

Nearby Playa del Carmen is a great choice for backpackers. Not only are there plenty of epic hostels to choose from, but the nightlife here is the stuff of legends. There are often big shows and festivals that pass through town as well, so be sure to check the calendar when planning your trip.

Tulum has become the trendy hotspot in the Riviera Maya, but thankfully it’s still backpacker friendly. There’s plenty of awesome things to do in Tulum, and you can easily find a cheap dorm bed and rent a bicycle for your stay to explore the ruins and beaches, but the affordable accommodation is in the town (about a 10 minute bike ride from the beach).

Make sure you try the fish tacos here – they’re the best I’ve ever had.

Backpacking Mexico Tulum
Lizards sunbathing at Tulum.

There’s a lot more to the Riviera Maya than just lounging on the beach, though. Several of the best Mayan ruins can be found in this area, including the absolutely incredible Chichen Itza, which is inland. There are also plenty of cenotes, botanical gardens, caves, and national parks to explore.

With a week or two in the area, you can easily bounce around between the beach towns and the Mayan ruins. Bus travel is safe, comfortable, and affordable in Mexico so you can get everywhere without even renting a car. However, if you do fancy your own set of wheels then Riveria Maya is a good place to pick it up and there are quite a few Cancun Car Rental options. 

beautiful beaches in Cancun Mexico
Beautiful beaches in Cancun, Mexico

If you’ve got a bit more time in the area, you might want to consider adding a trip over to Cozumel or staying in Isla Mujeres. Both are accessible by ferry, so you can easily tack that island getaway onto your Mexico trip.

This entire area is known for some of the best scuba diving in the world! Cozumel has great access to the Mesoamerican Reef, and Mexico is the only place in the world you can dive in the unique cenote cave systems. Check out this post to track down some of the least crowded cenotes in Mexico.

Backpacking Oaxaca

When it comes to a backpacking trip to Mexico, few places are as awesome as Oaxaca. This state in southern Mexico is famous for its mouth-watering cuisine and indigenous cultures. Several indigenous languages are spoken here, but your broken gringo Spanish will still get you by.

The hub of Oaxaca City is where your trip here will likely begin. You can easily spend a couple of days here strolling around the tranquil downtown streets and sampling the local cuisine. Here you’ll find numerous epic hostels as well. Be sure to add a day trip out to Monte Alban – one of the most impressive ruins in the country.

If it’s a beach you seek, you’ll want to head to the coastal town of Puerto Escondido. This is a great spot to surf, and lessons are available if you’re like me and can’t stand on a board to save your life. There’s plenty more to do here, including fishing trips, skydiving, and swimming in a bioluminescent lagoon. If you want to stay a bit longer and hostels aren’t your thing, check out these amazing Airbnbs in Puerto Escondido.

backpacking oaxaca mexico
Chilling out in the hammocks before the surf in Puerto Escondido! | Photo by Ana Pereira

Find out where the best places to stay in Oaxaca are so you can be as close as possible to the attractions (or parties for that matter).

Backpacking Banderas Bay

Located on the Pacific Coast of Mexico, Banderas Bay is one of the biggest tourist draws in the country. Here you’ll find plenty of beaches and chilled out Mexican towns. You could spend your entire trip in Mexico bouncing around the bay. Just be warned that you may love it so much that you decide to just move there. Trust me – I know from experience.

Puerto Vallarta is the main city in the area and is where you’ll fly into. While it’s famous as a Spring Break and retiree destination, PV is definitely not only for drunk American high school kids and old farts. There are many amazing neighborhoods, each unique and different.

This popular beach town still retains much of its charm. Just go to the main square on a Sunday night and dance with the locals, and you’ll forget that you’re in a super popular tourist destination.

Puerto Vallarta Mexico
Beautiful Puerto Vallarta

From PV, you can catch a bus up and down the bay to visit several different towns. Bucerias is located just an hour up the coast and it’s a much smaller, more chilled out spot. Keep going and you’ll reach Sayulita, which attracts surfers, yogis, and hippies alike. There’s heaps of great Sayulita hostels to check out too.

Head in the other direction from PV and then catch a boat to Yelapa. It’s not an island but it sure feels like one! This town has attracted the likes of Bob Dylan and members of the Grateful Dead. Come check it out for a few days and you’ll see why.

Puerto Vallarta is one of those places that just grabs you and makes you want to stay. We went there for a month last year and ended up staying for seven, and we’re back for another six as I write this. If you make it to Puerto Vallarta this year, drop us a line. The first taco is on me!

Backpacking Baja California

The wonders of Baja California have long been known to surfers making their way south of the border from the other California. This peninsula extending into the Pacific Ocean is home to some epic waves up and down the coast. Popular spots for surfing include Rosarito Beach and Ensenada.

visiting Cabo in Mexico
The famous “el Archo” off of Cabo.

On the other side of the peninsula, you can find beaches better suited for sunbathing and relaxing. Most towns in the south also have diving, kayaking, fishing, and even whale watching from December to April. The most booming tourist towns on the peninsula are located in the Los Cabos area, including Cabo San Lucas. Check out this post for things to do in the provincial capital, La Paz.

In between the coasts, Baja California is home to some pretty wild, and almost alien landscapes. Here you’ll find vast deserts and dormant volcanoes. The peninsula is also home to some very famous and thought-provoking cave art. The best place to check it out is the Sierra de San Francisco, which was even declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Off the Beaten Path Travel in Mexico

In a country this massive, it’s really not that hard to get off the beaten path in Mexico. Even in popular tourist destinations like Cancun and Puerto Vallarta, all you need to do is walk a few blocks away from the beach and you’ll be surrounded by locals.

Generally speaking, the further away you are from la playa, the less gringos you’ll see.

A great city to explore that’s off the beaten path is Monterrey. It’s the third biggest city in Mexico and the closest to the US, yet very few foreign tourists make it here. Once an incredibly dangerous city, Monterrey has undergone quite the transformation in recent years. It’s surrounded by mountains and full of culture, making it a great base for a couple of days.

Monterrey Mexico
Monterrey is well worth a visit.

Another fun city that’s worth checking out is Mazatlan. While it’s true that Mazatlan is a popular spot for retirees, not that many travelers make it here. The city hosts one of the biggest Carnaval celebrations in the world, so try to time your visit to be here then. You can drink margaritas as big as your head while stumbling up and down the Malecon listening to live bands.

Not far from Mexico City, you can visit the city of Puebla. You may know of Cinco de Mayo as a day to drink margaritas and eat burritos, but the people of Puebla celebrate it as the day they defeated a French expeditionary army. Here you can visit the forts where the legendary battle took place.

Finally, there is an incredible spot in the state of San Luis Potosí called Huasteca Potosina. One of our writers, Ana, said it was her favorite spot in Mexico and she didn’t see one other international tourist.

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Top Things to Do in Mexico

Mexico is a huge country with a vast array of wonders, both natural and manmade. There’s also just about every landscape imaginable and any type of adventure travel you could possibly want. It’s not easy making a Top 10 list for backpacking Mexico, but let’s give it a shot.

1. Visit Chichen Itza

This ancient Mayan city is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World and one of the most incredible places you can go in Mexico. You can visit the ruins easily from anywhere in the Riviera Maya. Definitely be sure to spend at least half a day here taking it all in. The highlight is the impressive Temple of Kukulkan, which was built to honor a Mayan feathered serpent god.

Chichen Itza Ruins
The main temple in Chichen Itza.

2. Eat all the Tacos

That’s right, all of them. There are so many different types and flavors of tacos it’ll make your head spin. Whether you’re eating them at a street vendor or in a beachside bar, delicious tacos will be there to join you. Forget about tacos with ground beef, lettuce, and cheese. Those aren’t real tacos. Instead, try the local specialties such as tacos al pastor or fish tacos on the coast.

3. Museum Hop in Mexico City

I always blow peoples’ minds when I tell them that Mexico City has more museums than any other city in the world. At over 150+ by last count, CDMX really is a city full of museums. Some of the best include the Museum of Anthropology and the Frida Kahlo Museum. Be sure to spend at least a few days in the capital and check out a handful of museums while you’re there.

Mexico City museums
Inside the Museum of Anthropology in CDMX.

4. Swim in a Cenote

A cenote is a natural sinkhole that’s formed when a cave ceiling collapses. They were considered sacred to the Mayans, and were often used for sacrificial offerings. You can find cenotes all over the Yucutan peninsula, so you’ve got plenty of choices. These are also great places to go snorkeling or scuba diving.

One of the best ways to get to grips with a new culture is through the food! Cookly partners with local cooking schools and restaurants in countries all around the world and is an awesome way to go on your very own culinary adventure. Book a Mexican cooking class here.

5. Listen to Mariachi

Mariachi is a traditional type of Mexican musical group. It’s popular all over the country. In addition to their great music, the mariachi bands are famous for their traditional outfits. Mariachi bands are not that hard to find, as they play in restaurants, bars, and live music venues all over Mexico. Plaza Garibaldi in Mexico City is one of the best places to hear some mariachi.

6. See the Lucha Libre Fights

The high-flying, colorful mask-wearing luchadores of Mexico’s famous style of wrestling put on an amazing show. Lucha libre is a huge part of Mexican culture and thus a can’t-miss when backpacking Mexico. The best place to see the fights is Arena Mexico in Mexico City, but there are also great fights in Guadalajara. Check out our in-depth guide to seeing lucha libre in Mexico for more information.

Mexico City lucha libre
Lucha libre is awesome to see live.

7. Hit the Beach

Most travelers to Mexico have some beach time planned, and for good reason. Mexico is home to every kind of beach you could imagine. There are white sand beaches with turquoise water. Others have great waves for surfing. Hell, there are even nudist beaches if that’s your scene! Go ahead and order up a margarita, kick back, and relax.

8. Drink Tequila (and Mezcal)

Nobody does tequila like Mexico! This world-famous booze is distilled from the blue agave plant and is known to be the start (or end) to wild nights. It actually comes from the town of Tequila, which you can visit easily from Guadalajara. You’ll also want to try some mezcal, which is kind of like tequila’s older, more civilized cousin. Whichever one you order, don’t try to do it as a shot with salt and lime. That’s insulting to good tequila. Just sip it casually and enjoy!

Drinking mezcal
Mmmm… mezcal!

9. Visit a Colonial Town

There are beautiful and well-preserved colonial towns all across Mexico. Many of them have been recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Some of your best choices include Guanajuato, Morelia, and San Cristobal de las Casas. Definitely be sure to visit at least one on your trip.

10. Experience a Local Festival

Mexicans know how to party, plain and simple. There’s no better way to experience the fun-loving nature of the people in Mexico than by taking part in a local festival. It could be the Day of the Dead celebrations in November, a regional cultural event, or even a music festival in the capital. There’s something different going on every month, so check the calendar before you book your trip.

Backpacker Accommodation in Mexico

When backpacking Mexico, you’re spoiled for choices as far as accommodation goes. In popular tourist areas and the big cities, you’ve got plenty of great hostels to choose from. It’s also easy to find a decent hotel without spending too much, and eco-friendly accommodation is also on the rise.

To make sure find the absolute best places to stay in Mexico during your backpacking adventure, check out the best hostels in Mexico. Rest your head in a comfy bed while keeping the travel costs low!

The Best Places To Stay in Mexico

Mexico can be an incredibly cheap place to travel. It can also be incredibly expensive. It largely depends on where you stay, what you eat, and how you get around. If you do everything the local way, your money will go very far here.

Those who prefer all-inclusive resorts and taxis will obviously spend a lot more. It’s definitely possible to get by on $40-50 a day and live quite comfortably.

A Daily Budget in Mexico

Your daily budget will of course vary depending on your personal style and what you wish to do. The table below however is intended as a guide.

Copy of (no name)
Expense Broke Backpacker Frugal Traveler Creature of Comfort
Accommodation $1.50 – $3 $4 – $6 $10
Food $5 $7.50 $10-$12
Transport $4 $10 $15 – $20
Nightlife $5 $8 $12 – $20 😉
Activities $2 $15 $25
Totals per day $18 $42.50 $60

As I’ve mentioned, flights around Mexico can be quite cheap. It’s possible to fly for $50 or even less, but remember you’ll probably have to pay $25 or so for a bag. Long-distance buses usually cost between $25-50 and are super comfortable. Taking the subway in Mexico City or the local buses in other cities usually costs less than $1.

Backpacking Mexico street food
You can often get 5 tacos for $2-3.

If you’re into street food and hole-in-the-wall local joints, your food bill in Mexico will be very small. It’s totally possible to fill up on delicious tacos for just a couple bucks. Many local restaurants often have a set menu at lunch for just $4-5 that will keep you full for a while.

A great thing about travelling in Mexico is the wide array of cheap or free activities. It costs nothing to sit on the beach, after all. There are plenty of parks, town squares, and beautiful churches you can visit for free. Museums are less than $10 and even the amazing Chichen Itza only costs around $12.

Money in Mexico

Mexico’s currency is the peso (MXN). As of May 2018, the exchange rate hovers between 17-19 MXN to $1 USD. There are 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500 peso notes and 10, 5, 2, and 1 peso coins.

It’s not hard to find ATMs in Mexico, but you may be charged a fee by both the local bank and your bank. If you’re American, you can sign up for a Charles Schwab checking account and have ATM fees reimbursed at the end of the month.

Money in Mexico
You’ll need some pesos to enjoy street food.

You’ll need cash for things like local bus rides, street food, and tips. You’ll be able to use a credit card easily, especially in the big cities and beach towns. Make sure you have a card that has no foreign transaction fees and don’t forget to tell your bank where you’re headed.

You should always have some emergency cash hidden on you and I’ve written an entire post on the best places to hide your money. If you want to carry a fair bit of cash safely on your body, your best bet is to get hold of a backpacker belt with a hidden security pocket.

You should always have emergency cash hidden on you – pick up this awesome security belt with its hidden pocket before you travel, it’s perfect for hiding money, a passport photocopy.

Travel Tips – Mexico on a Budget

  • Camp: Camping in Mexico isn’t very common, but there are definitely places where it’s an option. Your safest bet is to travel in a campervan and find official campgrounds. Tent camping is possible in some places, including the beach towns of Bucerias and Sayulita a bit north from Puerto Vallarta. Check out this post for a breakdown of the best tents to take backpacking. Or, if you’re feeling real adventurous and want to save some cash, consider picking up a backpacking hammock.
  • Cook your own food: If you are on a tight budget, you can save money by cooking your own food – I recommend bringing a portable backpacking stove.
  • Book your transportation early: Plane tickets are much cheaper if you purchase them in advance, especially with Mexico’s budget airlines.
  • Couchsurf: Especially in the big cities in Mexico, it’s not too hard to find a host whose couch you can crash on. They might be expats who are working there or locals. Check out Couch Surfing to make some real friendships and see this country from the perspective of locals.
  • Pack a travel water bottle  and save money every day!

Why Should You Travel to Mexico with a Water Bottle?

Whilst there’s a lot that we can do when it comes to traveling responsibly, reducing your plastic consumption is one of the easiest and most impactful things you can do. Don’t buy one-use water bottles, don’t take plastic shopping bags, and forget straws. All of this just ends up in landfill or in the ocean.

If you’d like some more tips on how to save the world, be sure to watch the video below.

Best Time to Travel to Mexico

The most popular time to visit Mexico is generally between December and April. These are the driest and coolest months in coastal destinations like Puerto Vallarta and Cancun. Of course, this is also high season.

That means the biggest crowds and the highest prices. Consider travelling in the shoulder season if you don’t mind a little heat and possibly rain. Your wallet will thank you.

San Miguel de Allende
San Miguel de Allende is nice year-round.

Be sure to book your accommodation well in advance if you’re headed to popular places over any holidays. This includes Christmas, New Year’s, Holy Week, and Mexican Independence Day. Holidays get very busy, especially at the beach. Unless you love being around hammered drunk teenagers, you’ll want to avoid American Spring Break at all costs.

Keep in mind that Mexico is a huge country with diverse landscapes. While it’s always hot on the coast, it can get downright chilly in Mexico City and other places at a higher elevation. You may actually need some warm clothes for the winter months.

Festivals in Mexico

There are several different holidays and festivals throughout the year in Mexico. It all starts with New Year’s, which is huge in the popular tourist towns on the coast and Mexico City as well. If you’re hoping to spend NYE in one of these places, definitely book your trip well in advance.

Mazatlan Carnaval
Carnaval in Mazatlan is huge.

Two different Mexican cities host massive Carnaval celebrations – Mazatlan and Veracruz. While Rio and New Orleans may get all the hype, Carnaval in Mexico is a damn good time as well. There are parades, live bands, and margaritas as big as your head!

You may find it interesting to learn that Cinco de Mayo actually isn’t a huge holiday in most parts of Mexico. In fact, the only place that really celebrates it is Puebla. This is the city where the Mexican army defeated French forces in the city in 1862. Don’t expect a rowdy party full of tequila shots on May 5th in Mexico.

Semana Santa (Holy Week) is a big deal in Latin America. This is the week leading up to Easter, and it’s probably the busiest travel time for locals. I remember last year the beaches in Puerto Vallarta were absolutely packed full of people during that week.

If your trip falls around Easter, you’ll want to make sure to get your transport and accommodation booked early.

Mexico celebrates its Independence Day on September 16th. Obviously, this a major holiday all across the country. Nowhere is the patriotic fervor more on display than in the capital. If you’re in Mexico City at this time, expect to see very jubilant celebrations.

Although not an official holiday, the Dia de Muertos (Day of the Dead) on November 1-2 is a major part of Mexican culture. It’s believed that this goes back thousands of years to an Aztec festival dedicated to the goddess of the underworld. This is not a mournful time, though – it’s meant to be a celebration of the people and the lives they lived.

RHA Festival Mexico
The RHA festival is near Puerto Vallarta.

There are music festivals all over Mexico, with more and more popping up each year. We had a good time at the RHA festival in Riviera Nyarit last year, which had two nights full of international house DJs right by the beach. Mexico City will also host an Ultra festival this October if you’re into electronic music.

It’s not all button pushers though. There are rock, jazz, pop, and of course reggaeton festivals as well. These days, more and more American bands are hosting their own festivals at all-inclusive resorts in the Riviera Maya. Check the calendar before you book your trip to see if there’s going to be a festival.

What to Pack for Mexico

What you decide to pack will depend on where you’re going, what activities you have planned, and what the weather will be like. If you’re just going to hang on the beach, you can just show up in your swimsuit and tank top and be ready to rock. Bring a pair of nicer clothes if you want to go out to the clubs.

Be sure to pack some decent shoes if you plan on exploring the cities, and hiking shoes/clothes for any outdoor activities. It’s also a good idea to bring an extra day bag, besides your big Mexico backpack, to carry with you to the beach or for big sightseeing days.

Depending on the time of year, you’ll probably want a hat and sunglasses or an umbrella.

On every adventure, there are five things I never go travelling without

Somewhere to hide your cash

money belt compressed png

Somewhere to hide your cash

Active Roots Money Belt

This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside – you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off.

A travel water bottle

Grayl Geopress Water Purifier Bottle

A travel water bottle

GRAYL Geopress Filtered Bottle

Having a filtered water bottle means you can drink from just about any source. The GRAYL Geopress is hands-down the most effective one we’ve ever used as well!

For those unexpected messes

AR Towel

For those unexpected messes

Active Roots Microfiber Towel

Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight, and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be.

When the power goes out

Gifts for backpackers

When the power goes out

Petzl Actik Core Headlamp

A decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples, or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must.

Sleep anywhere

Hammock for backpackers

Sleep anywhere

Active Roots Camping Hammock

Taking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy (chicks dig hammocks), and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere.

To stay a clean backpacker

To stay a clean backpacker

Hanging Toiletry Bag

I always travel with a hanging toiletry bag as it’s a super-efficient way to organize your bathroom stuff. Well worth having as it helps to have quick access to all your stuff.

Staying Safe in Mexico

If all of your opinions on Mexico are based on what you hear on the news, you’ll think Mexico is one of the most dangerous countries in the world. While it’s definitely true that the drug cartels are ruthless and that there are plenty of places you don’t want to travel to, most places of interest to travelers are quite safe.

Sure, bad shit happens occasionally – like the shooting at a music festival in Playa del Carmen – but the same is true for places like Paris, Las Vegas, and Bangkok.

For the most part, travelling in Mexico is quite safe. Even in Mexico City, you’re fine walking around by yourself as long as you exercise some common sense. Don’t wander around sketchy neighborhoods on the outskirts of town late at night, or walk around staring down at your brand new iPhone. Don’t leave your wallet sitting in your back pocket full of cash. And try not to get hammered drunk and walk home. Savvy travelers who know how to handle themselves will be just fine.

Mexico City Final Thoughts

One thing to watch out for in Mexico is taking random taxis. They’re not all legit, and there are plenty of stories of people getting ripped off and robbed. Uber is big in most places you’ll likely visit and is super cheap, so just get a local SIM card and stick with that. Try to find an official taxi stand if you need to just hail a cab, or have someone call one for you.

If you do find yourself in a situation where someone is trying to rob you and they are armed, don’t try to be a hero. Give up the bag and don’t put up a struggle. It’s not worth getting stabbed to save a phone or a few bucks.

There have been several horror stories in recent years of people getting drugged in all-inclusive resorts. Many have been hospitalized and a few even died as a result. If you’re going to stay at an AI, be sure you research it before booking to see if they were involved in any of these cases.

Wherever you go, always keep an eye on your drink. Even better, just stick to beer and ask them not to open the can or bottle until it’s in your possession.

Pick yourself up a backpacker security belt to keep your cash safe on the road. I strongly recommend travelling with a headlamp whilst in Mexico (or anywhere really – every backpacker should have a good headtorch!) – check out my post for a breakdown of the best value headlamps to take backpacking.

packable travel medical kit

Be prepared for what life throws at you on the road. Pick up an AMK Travel Medical Kit before you head out on your next adventure.

View on REI View on Amazon

Sex, Drugs, and Rock ‘N Roll in Mexico

One thing’s for sure about Mexicans – they like to party, and they like it loud. Regardless of what day of the week it is, you’ll find people out and about enjoying drinks and music with friends. You’re never too far away from a cold cerveza, whether it’s a Pacifico, Modelo, Victoria, or Corona. If you want to go local, try a michelada. It’s basically a Bloody Mary but with beer instead of vodka.

Those looking for something stronger can opt for tequila or mezcal. After all, the best stuff in the world comes from right here in Mexico. Forget about doing shots with salt and lime. That’s for high school kids on Spring Break do who don’t know any better.

Mexican michelada
Micheladas are salty and delicious!

Good tequila and mezcal doesn’t need any of those bells and whistles. Just sip it straight, no chaser.

In places like Mexico City, Cancun, and Puerto Vallarta, it’s not hard to find a party that’s going all night long. Mexicans love their music, so there’s usually a band or a DJ playing. It might be a local mariachi band, it might be a heavy metal band from the US, or it might be a German house DJ. If you’re looking to rock out and dance the night away, you’ve come to the right country.

As far as drugs go in Mexico, they’re obviously around. As a gringo tourist, don’t be surprised if people approach you to offer you drugs. I don’t recommend buying drugs from a random guy on the street anywhere, but I know some of you will probably do it anyways. Just exercise caution and don’t be surprised if you get ripped off.

Having a small amount of weed technically isn’t a big deal in Mexico. However, if a cop finds you smoking a doobie in a local park, they’ll most definitely shake you down for a bribe. The best way to get stoned and not get in trouble for it is to make local friends and just hang with them.

Guadalajara nightlife
Live rock in Guadalajara.

I’ve smoked plenty of joints in Mexico and have never had any problems. My only complaint is that the weed is usually quite shit. You’d think someone would have learned how to grow something decent by now.

If you’re looking to roll, trip, etc., it’s definitely possible. Again, be extremely wary of buying anything off the street. A better idea is to find the places where the hippies, stoners, punk rockers, and the like hang out. They should know where to find something and there’s less likelihood of you getting ripped off or busted.

will in the wild

A message from Will, the OG Broke Backpacker

“Once upon a time, I almost lost my leg in a sweltering jungle… 

I battled a seriously nasty infection that snaked up past my knee and by the time I made it to a local hospital they wanted to amputate. I was delirious, unable to walk, and in a lot of pain but I managed to call my insurance provider – they moved me to a much better private hospital where the doctors were able to save my leg.  

I wracked up $15,000 in hospital bills, but these were completely covered by my travel insurance. Luckily, I still have my leg today, and whilst it is permanently damaged, I’m grateful every day it’s still attached!

Moral of the story: consider getting travel insurance before you head out into the wilds, people!

How To Get Into Mexico

Entry Requirements for Mexico

The entry requirements for Mexico vary depending on your nationality. Citizens of 65 different countries are allowed to visit Mexico visa-free. Typically, tourists and business visitors can stay up to 180 days. Make sure you read up on the visa policy of Mexico if you’re not clear.

One thing that’s important to note is the tourist card you’ll be given at the airport. You need to hang on to this and present it upon your departure, or you’ll be hit with a fine. It seems unimportant and chances are nobody will alert you, but be sure to keep it safe.

finding cheap flights to travel anywhere
What are you waiting for? Book your flights!

Traveling To Mexico During COVID Times

Mexico has been impacted by COVID and things are a long way from being back to normal. Commercial flights are operating and tourists are allowed to enter the country.

COVID restrictions vary between states but expect enforced social distancing and limitations on gatherings.

bus iconVisiting Mexico? Don’t risk having to sit on the floor or change your itinerary because you missed the last ticket at the station! Find the best transport, best time and the best fare with 12Go. And why not use what you’ve saved to treat yourself to something nice upon arrival?

It only takes 2 minutes! Book your transport on 12Go now and guarantee your seat easily.

How To Get Around Mexico

There are plenty of major international airports in Mexico that you can fly in and out of. Popular tourist areas such as Cancun and Puerto Vallarta each have lots of options for direct flights from the US and Canada, and even some from Europe. Obviously, Mexico City has the largest international airport. In this section, we’ll take a look at the entry requirements for Mexico and how to travel around the country.

Traveling by Public Transport in Mexico

Many of the places you’ll want to visit in Mexico will have an airport, or at least one within a few hours. Thanks to budget airlines such as Volaris and Viva Aerobus, flying around Mexico doesn’t have to break the bank. You can find very cheap fares, especially when booking in advance. Just keep in mind that you’ll have to pay extra for a checked bag. It’s worth it to try and go carry-on only if you plan on taking a few flights.

I always like to joke that bus travel in Mexico makes the US look like a third-world country. Compared to the hell on Earth that is a Greyhound, bus travel in Mexico is quite comfortable. I’m talking comfortable reclining seats, TV screens, and even a free bagged lunch! Imagine taking the bus from Mexico City to Oaxaca in what feels like business class of Luftansa. Some of the best companies include Primera Plus and ETN.

Bus travel in Mexico
Buses are quite nice in Mexico.

For travelling around a destination, you’ve always got the option of super cheap local buses. Taxis are plentiful but are known for price gauging in many places. A better idea is to have Uber ready to go on your phone or arrange a cab through your accommodation. If you are staying in Rivera Maya, then your biggest challenge will be getting from the airport to your accomodation. You can arrange Cancun Airport Transportation ahead of arriving to ensure a smooth journey. 

In the big cities of Monterrey, Guadalajara, and Mexico City, there’s a metro system as well. Even in the capital, rides are super cheap at around $0.25. Women should be aware that there’s a special car for women and children at the end of the line. It’s a wise idea to make use of these, especially at rush hour. Mexican men can be a bit “grabby” when the crowd is pushing on and off the train.

Many people choose to rent a car in Mexico. You should be safe driving around tourist areas, but be aware that muggings and robberies are very common when gringos are driving outside of these comfort zones. Wherever you are, be sure you’ve got good insurance on the car and know all the details of the plan.

Subway system in Mexico City
There’s an extensive metro network in Mexico City.

Hitchhiking in Mexico

It might be a usual thing to do in other countries, but hitchhiking like we know it isn’t that common in Mexico – but it’s definitely an option. It’s also pretty safe, even when you’re backpacking Mexico alone; just avoid it in the border states. People in pickup trucks will usually offer you a ride, so jump in the back and hold on to your sombrero! Payment is usually expected, so be sure to have some smaller change. It also helps to speak some Spanish, obviously.

Onwards Travel from Mexico

Mexico is the perfect jump-off point for your adventures in Latin America. Those looking to travel by land have the option of heading into Guatemala or Belize. It’s not hard to arrange bus trips into these neighboring countries.

Alternatively, cheap flights are available to most countries in Central America or the northern part of South America. If you’re looking to visit Caribbean countries like Cuba, you can find good deals on flights out of Mexico City and Cancun.

Working In Mexico

The Mexican Peso is not exactly a strong currency so Mexico isn’t the place for Western backpackers to come and make their fortune. Still, there are some employment opportunities for those wishing to remain longer in Mexico and really get to know the culture.

The most obvious option for paid work is teaching English. Other than that there are plenty of volunteering projects and opportunities in the country.

Make Money Online whilst Backpacking Mexico

will laptopKeen to live the digital nomad dream while traveling the world? Who the hell isn’t?

Teaching English online is a great way to earn a consistent income on the road. Depending on your qualifications, you can work remotely from your laptop and make a positive impact on the world! It’s a win-win!

Check out this detailed article for everything you need to know to start teaching English online.

Work Visa’s in Mexico

All none Mexican’s must obtain a resident visa before undertaking paid employment in Mexico. If you intend to work online as a digital nomad in Mexico then this is a bit of a grey are and specific Digital Nomad visa’s are not currently available.

Teaching English in Mexico

Are you a native English speaker looking to earn cash whilst traveling the world? Teaching English online is a great way to earn a consistent income—from anywhere in the world with a good internet connection. Depending on your qualifications (or your motivation to obtain qualifications like a TEFL certificate) you can teach English remotely from your laptop, save some cash for your next adventure, and make a positive impact on the world by improving another person’s language skills! It’s a win-win!

Check out this detailed article for everything you need to know to start teaching English online.

In addition to giving you the qualifications to teach English online, TEFL courses open up a huge range of opportunities and you can find teaching work all over the world. To find out more about TEFL courses and how you can teach English around the world, read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.

Broke Backpacker readers get a 35% discount on TEFL courses with MyTEFL (simply enter the code BACKPKR), to find out more, please read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.

Whether you are keen to teach English online or looking to take your teaching game a step further by finding a job teaching English in a foreign country, getting your TEFL certificate is absolutely a step in the right direction.

Volunteering in Mexico

Volunteering abroad is an amazing way to experience a culture whilst giving something back. There are loads of different volunteer projects in Mexico ranging from teaching, to animal care, to agriculture to pretty much everything!

Mexico is constantly in need of volunteers, especially in social work and healthcare. English teachers are in high demand throughout the country, while rural areas present more unique opportunities like farming and helping with eco-projects. Most nationalities are able to volunteer in Mexico visa-free for up to 180 days. 

If you want to find volunteering opportunities in Mexico, then we recommend that you Signup for Worldpackers –  a volunteer platform that connects local hosts directly with traveling volunteers. As a Broke Backpacker reader, you’ll also get a special discount of $10 when you sign up. Just use the discount code BROKEBACKPACKER and your membership is discounted from $49 a year to only $39.

Volunteer programs run through reputable work exchange programs like Worldpackers are usually very well-managed and reputable. However, whenever you are volunteering, do stay vigilant especially when working with animals or children.

Worldpackers: connecting travellers with meaningful travel experiences.

What To Eat in Mexico

Eating will definitely be a highlight of your experience backpacking Mexico. This country takes its culinary arts seriously, and it shows. We could have a guide this long and just have it be all about Mexican food.

Mexican food tacos al pastor
Carving up some tacos al pastor.

Popular Mexican Dishes

Here are a few of the highlights that you’ll just have to try:

Tacos – Obviously, we have to start with tacos. Everywhere you look, there are tacos in Mexico. Typically they’re pretty small and are served with two tortillas. Popular fillings include al pastor, chorizo, and steak. Load them up with onions, cilantro, salsa, and hot sauce and dig in.

Tortas – There are basically a Mexican sub sandwich. You’ll get a lot of the same fillings as you’ll find in tacos but in between two pieces of fresh bread instead. This is a great lunch as it’ll fill you up and not cost very much.

Ceviche – Peru may be more famous for its ceviche, but Mexico does this dish of raw fish, lime juice, and chillies quite well too. Of course, you’ll find the best ceviche in coastal towns.

Aguachile – This is kind of like ceviche, but with shrimp and far spicier. Cucumbers are usually added on the side to help you cool down. It burns, but it burns so good!

Mole – This is actually just a sauce that is used in several different dishes. Both Puebla and Oaxaca claim to have invented mole sauce and are excellent places to try it. You can find dishes with mole al over the country, though.

Chilaquiles – Ever had nachos for breakfast? Well, you can do that in Mexico! Chilaquiles are made by taking yesterday’s tortillas, cutting them up, and frying them. They’re then covered in a red or green sauce and given a side of beans.

Pozole – This is a traditional soup popular all over Mexico. It’s made with hominy (dried maize) and pork and topped with shredded cabbage, radishes, onion, chili peppers, and salsa.

Churros – When you’re ready for dessert, nothing beats a churro. These pieces of fried dough covered in cinnamon are delicious, especially when dipped in chocolate!

Check out this post for even more inspiration on delicious Mexican food to try on your travels. 

Mexican Culture

Mexican culture is colourful and intoxicating.

Did you know that Mexico is the 11th most populous country in the world? As of 2018, the population of Mexico is estimated at just under 130 million. It’s also far and away the most populous Spanish-speaking country. Columbia comes in second and is home to only about 50 million people.

The population of Mexico is quite ethnically diverse. There’s a big mixture of indigenous peoples with Europeans as a result of colonization. A majority of Mexicans are known as Mestizos, which means they identify as having both indigenous and European elements. As the word has different meanings across Mexico, it’s tough to say exactly what percentage of the population this is.

Useful Travel Phrases For Mexico

Mexico is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world, but it’s also home to nearly 70 native languages. While all 123 million of its inhabitants are considered Mexican, this is an incredibly diverse country. The culture and customs of Mexico change as you move across the country, ensuring there’s something new to discover everywhere you go.

Below are some useful Spanish phrases for backpacking Mexico. While many people speak English in the touristic areas and cities, once you get outside these areas, Spanish will carry you a long way!

Hola = Hello

¿Cómo está(s)? = How are you?

Mucho gusto = Nice to meet you

Estoy bien = I’m fine

Por favor = Please

Gracias = Thank you

De nada/Con gusto = You’re welcome

No paja por favor – No straw please

Sin bolsa de plastico – No plastic bag

No hay cubiertos de plástico por favor – No plastic cutlery please

Lo siento = I’m sorry

¿Dónde está el baño? = Where is the bathroom?

¿Qué es esto? = What’s this?

¡Salud! = Cheers!

¿Cuánto? = How much?

Adiós = Goodbye

Quiero un taco/una cerveza. = I want a taco/a beer.

Dating in Mexico

It’s quite common for foreigners to date locals in Mexico. This is true for both men and women. Of course, there are plenty of older gringo men with younger Mexican girlfriends or 2nd wives. This is not nearly as common here as it is in places like Thailand though.

Mexicans are very sociable and fun-loving, so it’s not hard to meet people of the opposite sex. Whether you’re at a bar, a concert, or a festival, you’ll have plenty of opportunities to mingle with local guys or girls.

Mexican culture
People love being social in Mexico.

When dating someone in Mexico, you need to be aware of the importance of family. If someone asks you to come meet their family, it typically means they view the relationship as getting serious. The best part about this meeting is that you’ll probably be given a ton of awesome home-cooked food!

One thing to keep in mind is that gender roles are still very distinct in Mexico. It’s still very much a macho culture where the man is more dominant and women can be quite soft-spoken. This usually causes issues when foreign girls date Mexican guys, but foreign men sure don’t seem to mind. Also, it’s not common for girls to hang out with the guys or vice versa. That means you’ll still have plenty of chances for a guy’s or girl’s night out.

While Mexican men may seem to be quite flirtatious – don’t be surprised to get some cat calls if you’re a female walking alone – they are very chivalrous and respectful when it comes to dating (solo female travellers will probably have countless offers to test this.) It’s far more typical for the man to strike up a conversation and make the first move. Sorry, shy guys, but you’ll have to be the one to ask her out in your broken Spanish.

Although it’s quite a conservative and religious culture, overall, Mexico is becoming far more accepting of gay couples. In particular, Puerto Vallarta is pretty open-minded and is often called the “San Francisco of Mexico.” It’s one of the most LGBT-friendly travel destinations out there. Even in conservative Mexico City, it’s not uncommon to see gay couples comfortably together in public.

Books to Read About Mexico

A Brief History of Mexico

Mexico celebrates its Independence Day on September 16th. It was on this day in 1810 that Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla launched the Mexican War of Independence with his famous “Cry of Dolores.” The war lasted over a decade, finally concluding in 1821 with the end of Spanish rule.

The short-lived Mexican Empire was created after the war. This included Central America all the way down to the current southern border of Costa Rica, as well as a large chunk of the US. The Catholic monarchy came to an end in 1824 with the ouster of Emperor Augustin de Iturbide.

The new federal republic experienced a lot of tension between Spanish elite and indigenous populations. Instability and armed conflicts would be fixtures in Mexico for many years as a result. The country then lost Texas, which seceded to the US in 1836. After the Mexican-American War, even more land was lost. Mexico was forced to sell its northern provinces to the US, which included California, New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah.

Chapultapec Castle Mexico City
Chapultapec Castle in Mexico City, once home to the emperor.

Mexico would go through lots of changes in the 2nd half of the 19th century. Maximilian Hadsburg of Austria became the emperor with support from France, but his reign didn’t last long. He was executed by Republican rebels just a few years later. The country was then led by Porfirio Diaz for 35 years – a time marked by economic growth and political repression.

The Diaz years ended with the start of the Mexican Revolution, and a constitutional republic was established in Mexico. In the following decades, there were assassinations, resignations, and rebellions. There was also a new constitution established in 1917 that ushered in a new era in Mexico. By 1920, the three main leaders of the revolution (Madero, Carranza, and Zapata) were dead.

In 1929, the National Revolutionary Party was formed. It would later change its name to the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI for short. Under several PRI presidents, nationalism reigned supreme. With support from pro-government unions and peasant groups, they were able to keep a stronghold on power.

In the following decades, Mexico experienced rapid industrialization with a lot of protectionism. Huge offshore oil reserves were discovered, which led to an unhealthy dependence on oil income. This resulted in several budget criseses over the years when oil prices fell.

Mexico City experienced tragedy followed by jubilation in the 80s. A massive earthquake rocked the city and killed thousands in 1985. The city then picked up the pieces, rebuilt, and hosted the World Cup the following year. Such is the resiliency of the Mexican people.

More turbulent times were ahead for Mexico as the country joined the US and Canada in the NAFTA agreement in 1994. An anti-government group called the Zapatista National Liberation Army protested in Chiapas against NAFTA and the government’s treatment of Indian groups. The protest was brutally suppressed by government forces.

Backpacking Mexico

The bad times would continue in ’94 as leading presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio was murdered. As a result, the PRI continued their rule of Mexico with their candidate Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon becoming president. A dramatic stock market crash and devaluation of the peso soon followed.

Zedillo would go on to sign an agreement with the main opposition parties in a move towards political reform. However, the problems in Chiapas escalated when 45 Indians were killed by paramilitary gunmen. In the fallout, the governor of the state resigned and peace talks collapsed.

The PRI’s grip on power began to loosen in 1997 when they lost their majority in the lower house of parliament. Finally, in the year 2000, an opposition candidate won the presidency for the first time ever. Vicente Fox became the new president of Mexico in an historic victory. The next year, Zapatista guerrillas marched from Chiapas to the capital to make their demands known. A bill that passed parliament was rejected, ensuring the uprising in Chiapas continued.

In 2001, Fox approved an investigation into the disappearance of left-wing activists through the 70s and 80s. Information came to light about the torture and killing of hundreds of political activists. Three army officers were charged with first-degree murder as a result. Even a former president was implicated in the shootings of student protestors, but a judge refused to order an arrest.

Throughout the aughts, drug violence soared in Mexico. The attorney general came out and said that more than 4,000 people had been killed in the 18 months since Felipe Calderon became president. Massive marches happened all across Mexico to demand action. The murder rate in the border town of Ciudad Juarez reached an all-time high in 2009 as rival drug cartels waged war with each other.

The PRI came back to the head of the Mexican government in 2012 with the victory of Enrique Peña Nieto. He began a policy of targeting the local bosses instead of the head honchos in the cartels. The violence continued, though, with vigilante groups launching strikes against the cartels. On a visit in 2016, Pope Francis urged the people of Mexico not to give up in the face of such violence.

Mexico is once again gearing up for elections in July. Only time will tell who will lead Mexico into the future. One thing’s for sure – many people will be happy to see Peña Nieto go, as he has been one of the least popular and most controversial presidents of Mexico.

Some Unique Experiences in Mexico

There’s no shortage of must-try experiences in Mexico. In fact, there’s so many of them that you’ll just have to keep coming back. Even if you can spend a few months in Mexico, you won’t be able to do it all. This country is just that big and has that much to offer.

Mexico has so many beautiful beaches and all the fun activities that come along with them. You should definitely be sure to do some snorkeling, diving, fishing, SUPing, surfing, and whatever else is available. If you’re traveling in the Yucatan, be sure to check out some cenotes in addition to the beaches.

Cenotes in Mexico
Cool off in a cenote.

Wherever you travel to in Mexico, be sure to visit at least one or two of the ancient ruins. You can check out Teotihuacan on a day trip from Mexico City or visit Chichen Itza and several others in the Yucatan. These are incredibly important and absolutely awe-inspiring to visit.

Mexican cuisine is famous all over the world, and for good reason. Each region has its own flavors and unique dishes, ensuring there’s something new to try everywhere you go. Make sure to find out what the local specialties are in each place you visit and give them a try. Eating your way across Mexico is a foodie’s dream come true!

We can’t mention Mexican food without talking about the drink as well. Obviously, you’ve got to try some real deal Mexican tequila and mezcal while you’re here. If you’re really into tequila, you may want to consider visiting the town where it got its name from. You can even take a train ride there called the Tequila Express. It leaves from Guadalajara on the weekends and includes snacks, live music, a tour of the distillery, and of course, lots and lots of tequila.

Football in Mexico
Live football in Guadalajara.

Sports are huge in Mexico, especially football and lucha libre. Check the schedule for the local football clubs and see if they do lucha fights where you’re travelling to. Hit a local cantina before the game or the match and soak up the lively atmosphere. Joining the locals to cheer on their favorite team and luchadores is tons of fun and a great insight into local culture.

Scuba Diving in Mexico

If you’re a diver, you’re going to love Mexico. There are several world-class dive sites around the country for you to explore. The best spot if you want to base your trip around diving is the Riviera Maya. There are several great dive sites around Cancun, and you can also easily visit nearby Isla Mujeres and even Cozumel for more.

For a unique scuba experience, why not go diving in a cenote? These underground sinkholes are fascinating to explore below the surface. It’s easy to arrange a cenote diving trip from major tourist hubs like Cancun or Playa del Carmen.

On the other side of Mexico, there’s diving available in Cabo, Puerto Vallarta, and Acapulco as well. Just be aware that the water over here can be quite cold and may require a warming dry suit. It’s worth it as you may see giant rays or even whales while diving on the Pacific Coast.

If you are looking to join a liveaboard and get to some amazing remote locations, check out Live Aboard for some great deals!

Surfing in Mexico

Mexico is an incredible destination for surfers. You’ve got a wide variety of breaks and lots of swell here. In many places, you can ride some epic waves with little to no crowd. It helps that there’s about 2,500 km of coastline along the Pacific Ocean. Surfing is also an option year-round in Mexico.

Backpacking Mexico Sayulita
Sayulita is a popular surf town.

Some of the best places to go surfing include Baja California, Sayulita, and Puerto Escondido. You don’t need to bring your own board as there are always some available for hire. If you’re like me and can’t stand on a board of any kind, there are several options for surf classes in the more popular destinations.

Want to save the world?

Grayl Geopress Water Purifier Bottle

Single-use plastic bottles are a huge threat to Marine Life – Be a part of the solution and travel with a filter water bottle.

The GRAYL GEOPRESS water bottle is the ONLY all-in-one filter water bottle setup you’ll need. Whether you need to purify the water from a hostel sink in Kathmandu or a stream trickle in the Andes, the Geopress has got you covered.

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Joining an Organized Tour in Mexico

For most countries, Mexico included, solo travel is the name of the game. That said, if you are short on time, energy, or just want to be part of an awesome group of travelers you can opt to join an organized tour. Joining a tour is a great way to see a majority of the country quickly and without the effort that goes into planning a backpacking trip. However—not all tour operators are created equal—that is for sure.

G Adventures is a solid down-to-earth tour company catering to backpackers just like you, and their prices and itineraries reflect the interests of the backpacker crowd. You can score some pretty sweet deals on epic trips in Mexico for a fraction of the price of what other tour operators charge.

Final Advice Before Visiting Mexico

While Mexico definitely has its fair shares of problems (what country doesn’t?), don’t let that deter you from taking an extended backpacking trip here.

Mexican festivals Day of the Dead
Mexico is an amazing country to explore.

There’s so much to see, learn, do and eat in this fascinating country that you’ll probably begin planning your return trip before you even leave. Here you can explore ancient Mayan cities, enjoy world class surfing and diving, and eat some of the most mouth-watering cuisine on the planet. All along the way, you’ll get to enjoy the vibrant culture of Mexico and its incredible, diverse people.

Just be warned that you might fall in love with this country and end up moving here. I know from experience! Now that you’ve learned so much about Mexico and seen a bit of what this amazing country has to offer, I hope to see you here sooner than later, amigos.

Need more guidance? – Check out our post on how to be a responsible backpacker.

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